Silver birch is found in sparse deciduous, coniferous and mixed forests and is native to almost all of Europe. was formerly used in households as hair tonic or made into jelly or birch (birch limo). Purple Leaf Birch ( Betula pendula ‘Purpurea’ ) is a purple leaved variety of the ever popular Silver Birch, the leaves can vary in colour in their depth of purple at different times of the year, the colour is more like a deep burgundy.The species is native to parts of Britain, Europe and Asia in the cold and temperate regions. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. Background: Betula pendula is widespread in Europe and Asia. The trees have a long, continuous trunk and a loose crown. Read more. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. About two weeks after their fall and the spread by the wind, the fruits begin to germinate. The European white birch is widespread in Europe and beyond. In autumn the leaves turn a brilliant yellow. Birch leaf extracts are known to exhibit a number of pharmacological activities. Betula pendula, commonly called European white birch or white birch, is native to Europe and Asia Minor where it typically occurs in wood margins, heaths, hills and slopes.It has been widely planted in Canada and the northern U.S. as an ornamental. In each and every form, the herb acts as an excellent tonic and a detoxifier. Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. Betula pendula is well adapted to cold climates and is more abundant in the boreal zone, where it can be the dominant forest species. Birch leaf miner is a common insect pest of birch. Betula alba, Family Each individual kitten can develop hundreds of airworthy seeds, which the autumn wind carries over considerable distances. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. The leaves of White birch are up to 7 cm (2.8 in) long and pointed. A number of cultivars are available, including types that are cutleaf, weeping or have yellowish or purplish foliage. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. Below the bark of Silver birch is the white to yellowish-white wood. Antioxidant activity has also been reported. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, dry - moist. Characteristic of Betula pendula are the changeable, four to seven centimeters long leaves. The thin-skinned nutlets are about three millimeters long. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, General enquiries Antioxidant activity has also been reported. Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’ This is a ‘cut leaf’ variety with almost feathery foliage, same pendulus foliage. Its leaves change from green to gold in autumn which makes it a lovely tree for year-round interest. wider than 8 metres, Time to ultimate height Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring Details B. pendula is an elegant medium-sized deciduous tree with slender drooping twigs. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. 1. J Ethnopharmacol. The bark on the trunk and branches is golden-brown at first, but later this turns to white as a result of papery tissue developing on the surface and peeling off in flakes, in a similar manner to the closely related paper birch(B. papyrifera). The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 5 - 25 m (16 - 82 ft) high. Betula pendula 'Dark Prince' is a weeping Birch with rich, dark purple foliage that works as a lovely contrast to the whitening bark. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Aspect North-facing or South-facing or West-facing or East-facing, MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained, Ultimate height In spring, bright-green leaves emerge, contrasting strongly with the pale colour of the bark on the limbs of the trees. Growing to a stately 12m in height by 5m wide Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’ is set apart from other Betula pendula varieties by it’s deeply cut leaves. Betula pendula - Silver Birch. Birch leaf is the common name for the leaves of the tree Betula pendula Roth and/or Betula pubescens Ehrh. “ Birch” means : “ a tree whose bark is used for writing on”. Authentified by macroscopic and microscopic examination, HP-TLC and HPLC fingerprint. 20-50 years, Cultivation As a timber birch wood is rather unsuitable. the leaf is triangular and linear pointed and has a double-toothed margin. B. pendula leaf is a common ingredient in traditional herbal combinations for treatment of diabetes in southeastern Europe. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. Native to almost entire Europe, where it is used as an important timber producer. These have an upright habit and are sometimes multiple-stemmed. We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. Spring and summer sees Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’ … BACKGROUND: Betula pendula is widespread in Europe and Asia. The silver birch typically reaches 15 to 25 m (49 to 82 ft) tall (exceptionally up to 31 m (102 ft)), with a slender trunk usually under 40 cm (16 in) diameter. A decoction of the leaves and bark is used for bathing skin eruptions. Betulaceae, Genus The bark is black-brown to gray in young trees. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. suppliers. Smooth in young trees, the bark gets rugged at the base in older trees. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. The genus Betula comprises some 40 species, both trees, shrubs, and dwarf shrubs. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. In nature specimen of 30 m high can be found. Epub 2011 May 17. To get to the birch sap, a branch is sawn off and the escaping juice is collected with a container (bucket). Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. Leaves ovate, yellow in autumn. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. The European birch is susceptible to a few diseases: canker disease, dieback and Marssonina leaf spot. The skeletonizer larva is yellowish-green and one quarter-inch long. The Cut Leaf Birch makes a striking landscape specimen. 2011 Jul 14;136(3):444-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2011.05.018. Between March and the beginning of May, the flowering of Silver birch begins. Subgenus Betula - Typical birches. They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. As rootstock the Betula pendula is used. An exception is Northern Scandinavia. The trunks of Silver birches can be up to 80 cm thick. At this time, the birch has already begun with the pressure build-up for the upcoming leaf ejection. On the other hand it is used especially as plywood. Birch wood is difficult to split, elastic and shrinks strongly. Will grow in a wide range of situations. Moxa is made from the yellow fungous excrescences of the wood, which sometimes swell out of the fissures. Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring, Details overview leaves | overview blossomsoverview fruit    | overview trunksoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. In the following days, the yield is always lower because the wound closes itself on its own. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. Propagate by seed, softwood cuttings or grafting, Suggested planting locations and garden types The bark remains smooth until the tree gets quite large, but in older trees, the bark thickens, becoming irregular, dark, and rugged… The male kittens are of yellowish color. The fruits of the Silver birch ripen from August to September. At about ten years, free-standing trees are sexually mature. Try an advanced search, RHS Registered Charity no. B. pendula leaf is a common ingredient in traditional herbal combinations for treatment of diabetes in southeastern Europe. silver birch bed wen, birk tree common birch European white birch lady birch lady of the woods warty birch weeping birch, Synonyms Finland has the highest quality birchwood stocks. Betula pendula and wildlife. Sourced by expert botanists worldwide. Cut Leaf Birch. Birch skeletonizer feeding causes leaf browning. The juice of the birch is drinkable and tastes a bit sweet. In the Alpine region, the trees can be found up to 1,900 meters (6.200 ft) in height. In the stock, sexual maturity begins about ten years later. Later, the trunk assumes its characteristic shape and is rolling white. As is the case with paper birch (B. papyrifera), this tree is noted for its white bark, which exfoliates in papery strips. Low Maintenance This graceful deciduous broadleaf tree lives for up to 80 or exceptionally 100 years, growing to a height of 30 metres (although usually it attains little more than half that size). The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Present study investigated B. pendula ethanolic and aqueous extract as inhibitors of carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzymes, as well as their ability to restore glutathione concentration in Hep G2 cells subjected to glucose-induced oxidative stress. or hybrids of both species.The leaves for medicinal use are obtained either from trees that have been cultivated or found in the wild. It is noted for attracting wildlife. It has nectar/pollen rich flowers, provides shelter and habitat, is used for nesting materials, makes a good wildlife hedge, has seeds for birds and is a caterpilar food plant. Higher than 12 metres, Ultimate spread The growth form is extremely varied. The male flowers form already in the fall of the previous year and overwinter, before they open in the coming spring. Noteworthy Characteristics. It has been used in traditional medicine since ancient times. The purple leaves have a bronze tint and are accompanied by brown catkins in spring and summer. A rust and a leaf spot may be a problem. In their shape, the buds of Silver birch are slightly pointed. Betula pendula is known for attracting bees, beneficial insects, birds, butterflies / moths and other pollinators. Female catkins pendulous. Severe attacks of birch leaf miner predispose trees to bronze birch borer infestation. The buds of Silver birch are up to four millimeters long and are brownish to glossy green. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Effective when planted in small groups or as a multi-stemmed specimen, Propagation In autumn, the catkins fall whilst the colour of the foliage remains. Flowers when coming into leaf. 020 3176 5800 The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. It has been used in traditional medicine since ancient times. From the bleeding juice of the birch hair is made. The serrated foliage emerges dark purple/red in spring, then slowly turns purple/dark green throughout the summer and finally bronze/purple tones appear in autumn. Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of The leaf blades of Betula pendula and the native B. populifolia are very similar; however, with practice they can sometimes be distinguished on subtle differences in shape. Includes Betula nigra 'BNMTF' Dura Heat™, Betula nigra 'Cully' Heritage™, Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch, Betula pendula 'Dalecarlica' - Cut-leaf Birch, Betula pendula 'Fastigiata', Betula pendula - Silver Birch, Betula platyphylla 'Fargo' Dakota Pinnacle™, Betula platyphylla var. Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. Birch water occurs in spring won the sprouting of the leaves. Betula pendula 'Pupurea', more commonly known as Purple Birch, has dark purple foliage that contrasts beautifully with the silvery white bark, making this an ideal feature tree. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Betula pendula are rapidly growing, undemanding trees, which after about 50 years have reached their final height of about 25 meters (82 ft). Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. It is an excellent pioneer plant as it provides very little demands on the soil. The twigs are red brown and have warty lenticels. Wildlife Gardens, Pests Sawflies, aphids and leaf- mining sawflies may be a problem, Diseases Betula pendula dalecarlica . Birch wood is difficult to store and can quickly turn yellow or stained. Golden Beauty is more resistant to sun scorch than some of the other golden birches (particularly Golden Cloud). They flower when coming into leaf in the spring. This attractive tree has a pryamidal to ovate shape. Flowers in catkins, Plant range Betula pendula 'Alba' is a weeping deciduous tree with a beautiful white trunk, pendulous branches and silvery green foliage. in rare cases the trees reach a height of 30 meters. The trunks of birches are covered with white or darkish, often papery bark. The Birch is botanically called Betula pendula. It could come together two to three liters on the first day. Betula pendula is commonly known as the European birch. W Eurasia, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated.